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Arabic Word of the Day: شَرِكَة

Welcome to our Arabic Word of the Day.

Today we will talk about the word شَرِكَة /Sharikah/ 

A. Main Meaning

The word شَرِكَة /Sharikah/ has two main meanings:

1. Joint ownership or partnership between two individuals

 Example 1: أَملِكُ مصنَعًا شَركةً مَعَ صَديقي

/Amliku mṣnaʻan sharktan maʻa ṣadyqy/

(I co-own a factory with my friend.)

 

Example 2: رَبِحتُ مِئةَ ألفٍ شَرِكَةً مَعَ أَخي

/Rabiḥtu miʼta alfin sharikatan maʻa akhy/

(I won a hundred thousand dollars, shared with my brother)

 The word here implies that the money the speaker earned is not solely his; his brother shares it with him.

 

2. A business institution where multiple employees work

 Example 1: يَعمَلُ إِبراهِيمُ فِي شَرِكَةِ مُنَظِّفاتٍ

/Yaʻmalu ibrāhīmu fī sharikati munaẓẓifātin/

(Ibrahim is employed at a detergent company)

The word here refers to Ibrahim’s role in an institution dedicated to producing and trading detergents. Here is another example:

 

Example 2: أَعمَلُ في شَرِكَةٍ إِلكِترونِيّةٍ

/Aʻmalu fī sharikatin ilkitrwnīytin/

(I work at an electronic company)

The word here refers to the occupation the speaker has within an institution specializing in electronic devices. 

 

B. Plural Form

There is a plural form for the word شَرِكَة /Sharikah/ that carries the meaning “company” and that’s شَرِكات / Sharikāt/ i.e. “companies”

 

C. Collocations

In most cases, the word شَرِكة /Sharikah/, which means company, is paired with other vocabulary to form phrases with specific meanings. 

Here are two example collocations paired with شَرِكَة:

1. Airline Company
Airline Company شَرِكةُ الخُطوطِ الجَويّة
   /Shariktu alkhuṭwṭi aljawyyh/

 

 The collocation refers to an institution that owns and operates aircraft. 

 

 Example:

I traveled to Turkey with the Turkish Air Lines Company       سافَرتُ إلى تُركيا مع شَركِةِ الخُطوطِ الجَوّيّةِ التُّركيّةِ
/Sāfartu ilá turkyā maʻa sharkiti alkhuṭwṭi aljawwyyti altturkyyti/
 2. Equity Company
Equity Company        شَرِكَة أَسْهُمٍ
/Sharikatu ashumin/

 

Example:

I invested in the equity company NASDAQ    استَثمَرتُ في شَركِةِ الأَسهُمِ ناسدِك
/Istathmartu fī sharkiti alʼashumi nāsdik/

D. Main Derivations

Several Arabic words can be derived from the same root word شَرِكَة, including:

Derivations
1. شَرِيكٌ /Sharīkun/ (partner)
2. مُشَارَكَةٌ /Mushārakatun/       (share)
3. اِشْتِرَاكٌ /Ishtirākun/ (participation)

 

Example 1:

Ahmed is Samir’s partner in the dairy factory     أحمَدُ شَريكُ سَمير فِي مَصنَعِ الألبانِ
/Aḥmadu sharyku samyr fī maṣnaʻi alʼlbāni/

 Example 2:

Haifa enjoys sharing food with her friend                  هَيفاءُ تُحِبُّ مُشارَكَةِ صَدِيقَتِها فِي الطَعامِ
/Hayfāʼu tuḥibbu mushārakati ṣadīqatihā fī alṭaʻāmi/

 

Here the word signifies a preference for dining with someone.

The following words are other derivations that stem from the same root شَرِكَة:

Derivation   
1. شَرَاكَةٌ /Sharākatun/ partnership
2. اِشْتِرَاكٌ /Ishtirākun/ participation
3. مُشْتَرَك /Mushtarak/ joint

 

F. Synonyms

When used to describe a place of employment, the term “company” is synonymous with the word “institution.” For instance, you can say,

I work for AlifBee company.  

Or

I work at AlifBee institution.   

 أَنا أَعمَلُ في شَرِكَةِ أَلِف بي

/Anā aʻmalu fī sharikati alif bī/ 

أَنا أَعمَلُ فِي مُؤسَّسةِ أَلِف بي

/anā aʻmalu fī muʼsaasti alif bī/

 

 

G. Antonyms

شركة /Sharikah/   in partnership
خاصّ /Khāṣṣ/ one’s own

Example:

I own one factory with my family, and the other one is entirely my own

أَملِكُ مَصنَعينِ واحِدٌ شَركِةً مَعَ عائِلَتي والآخر خاصٌّ لي فقط

/Amliku maṣnaʻyni wāḥidun sharkitan maʻa ʻāʼilaty wa-al-ākhar khāṣṣun lī faqaṭ/

Make sure to use the new word in its different forms in your daily conversations. To get more practice, you can check our unique planner that you can use to speed up your learning journey. This planner offers a rich 30-page worksheet accompanied by over 200 practical exercises and activities. It will serve as a powerful tool to back your acquired knowledge and newly learned language and push your learning journey forward with tons of practice opportunities.

Dania Ghraoui
Dania has worked as a language instructor and translator for almost 10 years. She has a special interest in the Arabic language and learning methods.
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