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Verb of the Day: رَأَى

Raʼá

رَأَى

In this series, we will learn about the meanings of various verbs in the Arabic language and the ways of their conjugation with pronouns in different verb tenses.

Today, we will begin with the verb “رَأَى” (Raʼá), which translates to “saw”

Main Meaning

To see with your eye

The verb means to see with the naked eye. For instance,

The father saw his son playing,

Raʼá alʼabu ibnahu yalʻabu

رَأَى الأَبُ اِبنَهُ يَلعَبُ

He saw the star in the sky.

Raʼá alnaajma fī alssamāʼi

رَأَى النَّجمَ في السَّماءِ

To give an opinion

It also denotes an individual’s perspective on a specific statement or opinion.

My father saw (thought) that this opinion was wrong.

Raʼá aby ann hadhā alraaʼya khāṭiʼun

رَأَى أَبي أَنّ هَذا الرَّأيَ خاطِئٌ

The father saw (thought) that the television was large, and the mother saw (thought) that it was suitable

Raʼá alʼabu ann altilfāza kabyrun waraʼati alʼummu annh munāsibun

رَأَى الأَبُ أَنّ التِلفازَ كَبيرٌ وَرَأَتِ الأُمُّ أَنّه مُناسِبٌ

Present and Past Conjugations

The conjugation of this verb with pronouns in the past and present tenses is as follows:

English

Transcription

Arabic

I saw / I see

Anā raʼaytu – anā ará

أَنا رَأَيتُ / أَنا أَرى

We saw / We see

Naḥnu raʼaynā – naḥnu nará

نَحنُ رَأَينا / نَحنُ نَرى

He saw/ He sees

Huwa raʼá – huwa yará

هُوَ رَأَى / هُوَ يَرى

They saw/ They see (M/P)

Hum raʼaw – hum yarwna

هُم رَأَوا/ هُم يَرونَ

She saw/ She sees

Hya raʼt – hya tará

هيَ رَأت / هيَ تَرى

They saw/ They see (F/P)

Hunn raʼayna – hunn yarwna

هُنّ رَأَينَ/ هُنّ يَرونَ

You saw/ You see (M/S)

Anta rʼayta – anta tará

أنتَ رأَيتَ / أنتَ تَرى

You saw/ You see (M/P)

Antum raʼaytum – antum tarwna

أَنتُم رَأَيتُم/ أَنتُم تَرونَ

You saw/ You see (F/S)

Anti rʼyti – anti tryna

أنتِ رأيتِ / أنتِ ترينَ

You saw / You see (F/P)

Antunna raʼaytunna – antunn tarwna

أَنتُنَّ رَأَيتُنَّ / أَنتُنّ تَرونَ

You saw/ You see

Antumā rʼytumā – antumā tryāni

أَنتُما رأيتُما/ أنتُما تريانِ

They saw / They see

Humā rʼyā – humā yryān

هُما رأيا / هما يريان

*P: Plural        S: Singular     D: Dual       F: Feminine      M: Masculine

Verb in the Quran

Here is an example of the usage of the verb “رَأَى “(Raʼá) “saw”:

So when the night covered him [with darkness], he saw a star.

falmmā jann ʻalyhi alllaylu raʼá kawkaban

فَلَمَّا جَنَّ عَلَيْهِ اللَّيْلُ رَأَى كَوْكَبًا ( الأنعام: 76 )

Verb in the Hadith

Here is an example of the usage of the verb “رَأَى “(Raʼá) “saw”:

This Hadith means: (Whoever amongst you sees an evil, he must change it with his hand.)

man raʼá minkum munkaran falyughayyrhu biyadih

في الحديث الشريف: (مَن رَأَى مِنكُم مُنكَرًا فَليُغَيّرهُ بِيَدِه ..)

Verb in poetry

The verb رأى is also used in the following line of poetry:

More Examples

I see the sun shining.

Anā ará alshaamsa mushriqtan

أَنا أَرى الشَّمسَ مُشرِقّةً

You see that the weather is suitable for camping.

Anta tará ann alṭṭqsa munāsibun liltaakhyymi

أَنتَ تَرى أَنّ الطّقسَ مُناسِبٌ لِلتَّخييمِ

She saw the teacher coming.

Hiya raʼat almuʻallimta qādimtan

هِيَ رَأَت المُعَلِّمةَ قادمةً

We saw the stars adorning the sky.

Raʼaynā alnnujwma tuzayyinu alsaamāʼ

رَأَينا النُّجومَ تُزَيِّنُ السَّماء

Did you see the news yesterday?

Hal raʼaytum nashrta alʼakhbāri albāriḥta?

هَل رَأَيتُم نَشرةَ الأَخبارِ البارِحةَ؟

Do you see the dress as appropriate?

Hal tarwna anaa alllibāsa munāsibun?

هل تَرونَ أنَّ اللِّباسَ مُناسِبٌ؟

Word Derivations

Furthermore, there are words derived from the same root of this verb, such as:

viewer

Rāʼī

رُؤْيَةٌ

visual

marʼī

مَرْئِي

vision

ruʼyatun

رَائِي

Similar Verbs

Lastly, there is another Arabic verb that carries the same meaning as the verb “saw,” which is looking and watching with the naked eye, it is the verb “watch.”

Example 1

I saw the teacher driving the car

Raʼaytu almuʻallima yaqūdu alssayyārta

رَأَيتُ المُعَلِّمَ يَقُودُ السَّيَّارةَ

I watched the teacher driving the car

Shāhadtu almuʻallima yaqūdu alssayyārta

شاهَدتُ المُعَلِّمَ يَقُودُ السَّيَّارةَ

Example 2

We saw a useful program on TV

Raʼaynā fī alttilfāzi barnāmajan mufydan

رَأَينا في التِّلفازِ بَرنامَجًا مُفيدًا

We watched a useful program on TV

Shāhadnā fī alttilfāzi barnāmajan mufydan

شاهَدنا في التِّلفازِ بَرنامَجًا مُفيدًا

Conclusion

Finally, we are happy to remind you to check our special planner that you can use to speed up your learning journey. In the planner, you will be given a rich 30-page worksheet accompanied by over 200 practical exercises and activities. It will help you back your acquired knowledge and newly learned language and push your learning journey forward with tons of practice opportunities.

Now it is your turn to write sentences using the verb “See” in the comments. 

Do you have any suggestions for new verbs to discuss?

Dania Ghraoui
Dania has worked as a language instructor and translator for almost 10 years. She has a special interest in the Arabic language and learning methods.
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